Glossary

Defintions of Abbreviations and Common Terms

A

    ABI

    Acquired Brain Injury

    ADHD

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    ASD

    Autism Spectrum Disorder

B

    BMT
    Bone marrow transplant

C

    CAF
    Common Assessment Framework
    CAMHS
    Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services. CAMHS?are the NHS services that assesses and treat young people with emotional, behavioural or mental health difficulties.
    Cannula
    A thin tube inserted into a veinused to give medication or fluids directly into the blood stream.
    CBT

    Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

    Central Line
    A long, hollow tubes made from silicone rubber inserted into veins in the chest, neck or groin. They are used to give chemotherapy treatment or other medicines. Also known as Hickman line or Groshong line.
    CF

    Cystic Fibrosis

    Chemotherapy

    Cancer treatment using one or more anti-cancer drugs.

    CIN
    Child In Need
    COP
    Code of Practice
    CP

    Cerebral Palsy

    CPP

    Child Protection Plan

D

    DBT
    Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

E

    ECG
    Electrocardiogram. A test that measures the electrical activity of the heart.
    EEG
    Electroencephalogram. The recording of electrical activity along the scalp.
    EHCP
    Education Health & Care Plan. A statutory document describing a child or young persons education, health and care needs and the help they will get to meet them.
    ERP

    Exposure and Response Prevention. A type of cognitive behaviour therapy.

H

    HI
    Hearing Impairment

I

    IBD

    Irritable Bowel Disease.

    IEP / ILP
    Individual Education/Learning Plan
    Immunosuppression
    Suppression of the body's immune system and its ability to fight infections and other diseases, this can be deliberately induced by drugs for some treatments such as stem cell transplants.
    IRO
    Independent Review Officer
    IV

    Intravenous Medication.

L

    LAC
    Looked After Child

M

    Makaton
    A language programme using signs and symbols to help people to communicate. It is designed to support spoken language and the signs and symbols are used with speech in spoken word order.
    MDT

    Multi-Disciplinary Team.

    Mindfullness
    A practice of being aware of body, mind and feelings in the present moment. Can be used to help improve wellbeing.
    MLD
    Moderate Learning Difficulty
    MRI
    Magnetic resonance imaging uses a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency pulses and a computer to produce detailed pictures of organs, soft tissues, and bone.
    MSI
    Multi Sensory Impairment

N

    Neutropenic
    Low white blood cells, possibly due to chemotherapy.

O

    OCD

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

P

    PDA

    Pathological Demand Avoidance. A form of autism where anxiety levels are raised by demands.

    PECS

    Picture Exchange Communication System. A system of augmented communication using picture exchange as a form of social communication.

    PICC

    Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter. A thin plastic tube which is inserted into a vein in the arm above the elbow. It is threaded through this vein towards the right side of the heart. The PICC is held in place with two small stitches in the skin. A PICC provides easy and reliable access to the bloodstream for administering long term medication such as chemotherapy.

    PMLD
    Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties

R

S

    SEMH
    Social, Emotional and Mental Health Needs
    SENCO

    Special Educational Needs Coordinator.

    SEND

    Special Educational Needs and Disability.

    Sensory Profile

    A standardised tool used to evaluate sensory processing patterns at home, school and in the community.

    SSRI

    Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. A widely used anti-depressant medication often used in combination with cognitive behaviour therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders.

    Stem Cell Transplant
    A treatment for some types of cancer.
    Steroids
    Can be used as part of the treatment plan for a range of conditions including cystic fibrosis and cancer.
    Stoma

    Stoma surgery results in a small opening on the surface of the abdomen being surgically created to divert the flow of faeces and/or urine.

T

    TAC
    Team Around the Child

V

    VI
    Visual Impairment
    VOCA

    Voice Output Communication Aid. They come in many shapes and sizes, with different synthesised voices, and may have the ability to record speech.

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