DYSLEXIA

Dyslexia is one of the most common specific learning difficulties (SLD) and affects about 10% of the population.

sebastian muller 52 unsplash

SUPPORTING STUDENTS             MORE INFORMATION

Causes of dyslexia

  • Dyslexia tends to run in families, which suggests a genetic link.
  • Dyslexia has a neurological basis and is independent of overall intelligence.
  • Impaired development of magnocellular systems may cause problems with identifying and sequencing letters and sounds.

Symptoms of dyslexia

  • Dyslexia is a lifelong condition and can make learning difficult.
  • Dyslexia affects a child’s ability to process, remember and organise information.
  • Young children may struggle to learn to read, write and spell.
  • While students can have strong oral abilities they may find it difficult to record their learning in writing.
  • Students may struggle to get started with work and show difficulties with organisation and presentation.
  • Frustration and a lack of in interest and motivation to learn.
  • Low self-esteem as well as avoidance strategies.

Managing dyslexia

  • It is important to understand that there is a specific reason for student’s difficulties with processing information.
  • Early identification and assessment is crucial.
  • The effects of dyslexia varies and no two people will have the same strengths or weaknesses.
  • Personalise learning support and adaptations to the student’s assessment needs to reduce their anxiety and improve motivation.

Supporting students with dyslexia

jason leung 479251 unsplash

Early identification and assessment

  • Early identification of specific learning difficulties will reduce anxiety.
  • Support will vary according to a student’s assessment profile but may include use of aids such as coloured paper, coloured overlays, reading rulers or assistive technology.

Help with organisation

  • Target support to identify an individual student’s strengths and weaknesses.
  • A clear and predictable daily routine can help develop independence.
  • Print out homework tasks or give out homework at the start of the lesson and allow time for students to seek clarification.
  • Prompts to remember appropriate resources and help organising work and notes are helpful.

 Help in class

  • To reinforce the spelling rule follow a structure i.e. ight flight sight night.
  • Encourage and make time for proof reading work. This helps the student notice spellings mistakes and encourages them to self-correct.
  • Do not put a student on the spot to read aloud. Instead, give them time to prepare.
  • Before the lesson, explain what is going to be taught and then end with a summary.
  • It is important to find ways to reinforce learning through repetition and revisiting topics.
  • Copying large chunks of text from a board is a challenge. Print out notes or a cloze text with key words for insertion.

More information

Contact Us

If you have any questions please email us at:

[email protected]

Disclaimer Policy

Newsletter

Sign up for our NEWSLETTER

and we will keep you up to date with news and information twice a term.

Translate

en EN ar AR nl NL fr FR de DE pl PL ru RU es ES

Follow Us

Join the conversation on our social channels.

 Twitter  

 

Twitter 128

       

 

 

 

Facebook 

 

Facebook 128