Crohn's disease is one of the main forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD).
Causes of Crohn's disease
- The cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. Research suggests a combination of environmental and genetic factors is responsible for the onset of Crohn’s disease.
- Crohn’s disease is a chronic (long-term) condition that causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive system.
- Over time, the inflammation can damage sections of the digestive system causing additional complications.
Symptoms of Crohn's disease
- Symptoms of Crohn's disease include diarrhoea, abdominal pain and fatigue.
Treatments for Crohn's disease
- There is currently no cure for Crohn’s disease.
- Medication is available to treat the symptoms and prevent them from returning.
- Treatments can include the use of steroids, antibiotics and immunosuppressants.
- This type of medication will help in reducing inflammation.
- About 80% of people with Crohn’s disease will require surgery in order to relieve their symptoms and to repair damage to their digestive system.
- Students may need to use the bathroom urgently and have a change of clothes on site. Make arrangements so that this can be done sensitively and discretely. A student held permission card is one way of doing this.
- Make sure supply or cover staff are aware of arrangements and permissions.
- Energy levels will be low at times making subjects like PE difficult. Make arrangements for alternative PE activities if required.
- Listen to the student and let then set their own pace and say when they need a break.
- Social situations can be difficult. Increased risk of becoming withdrawn and isolated is possible due to fear of ‘having an accident’.
- A fear of being bullied or ridiculed due to their condition can be present.
- Some young people may limit eating.
- Be alert to changes in individual and group behaviour or increased absence from school.
- Talk to the student and their parents/carers if you notice changes in behaviour.
Absence from school
- Admissions to hospital can lead to anxiety about falling behind with work and loosing friends.
- Liaise as soon as possible with the hospital teaching team and home tutors. Students are generally keen to get on with work set by school when they feel well enough.
- With the agreement of parents/carers use email to contact hospital teachers and the student. It's quicker and more efficient than passing work via friends/siblings.
- Work can be returned for marking and feedback via email.