Cerebral palsy (CP) - medical info
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition that affects a child’s movement and muscle control and is caused by an injury to the brain before, during or after childbirth.
- Around 1 in every 400 children in the UK is affected by Cerebral palsy.
- Children with Cerebral palsy have difficulties controlling their muscles and movements and although not a progressive condition these difficulties remain with the child for life.
- A range of treatments including physiotherapy and occupational therapy can help develop the child’s control over their movements and increase their independence and self-esteem.
- Every child with Cerebral palsy is different and their difficulties can range from very mild motor difficulties to a severe disability requiring a range of supportive equipment for them to access their environment.
Children with cerebral palsy often have other difficulties:
- Learning difficulties which can be mild, moderate or severe
- Speech and language difficulties
- Sensory impairment including visual difficulties and hearing difficulties
- Feeding difficulties
- Sleep problems