Cerebral palsy (CP) - medical info

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition that affects a child’s movement and muscle control and is caused by an injury to the brain before, during or after childbirth.

  • Around 1 in every 400 children in the UK is affected by Cerebral palsy.
  • Children with Cerebral palsy have difficulties controlling their muscles and movements and although not a progressive condition these difficulties remain with the child for life.
  • A range of treatments including physiotherapy and occupational therapy can help develop the child’s control over their movements and increase their independence and self-esteem.
  • Every child with Cerebral palsy is different and their difficulties can range from very mild motor difficulties to a severe disability requiring a range of supportive equipment for them to access their environment.

Children with cerebral palsy often have other difficulties:

  • Learning difficulties which can be mild, moderate or severe
  • Speech and language difficulties
  • Epilepsy
  • Sensory impairment including visual difficulties and hearing difficulties
  • Feeding difficulties
  • Sleep problems

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