A

    ABI

    Acquired brain injury  

    ADHD

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    ASD

    Autism spectrum disorder

B

    BMT

    Bone marrow transplant 

C

    Cannula

    A thin tube inserted into a veinused to give medication or fluids directly into the blood stream. 

    CAMHS

     Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services. CAMHS are the NHS services that assesses and treat young people with emotional, behavioural or mental health difficulties.

    CBT

    Cognitive behaviour therapy 

    Central line

    long, hollow tubes made from silicone rubber inserted into veins in the chest, neck or groin. They are used to give chemotherapy treatment or other medicines. Also known as Hickman line or Groshong line

    CF

    Cystic Fibrosis

    Chemotherapy

    Cancer treatmentusing one or more anti-cancer drugs.  

    CP

    Cerebral palsy

E

    ECG

    Electrocardiogram. A test that measures the electrical activity of the heart.

    EEG

    Electroencephalogram. The recording of electrical activity along the scalp.

    EHCP

    Education Health & Care Plan. A statutory document describing a child or young persons education, health and care needs and the help they will get to meet them.  

    ERP

    Exposure and response prevention. A type of cognitive behaviour therapy.

G

    GP

    General Practitioner

I

    Immunosuppression

    Suppression of the body's immune system and its ability to fight infections and other diseases, this can be deliberately induced by drugs for some treatments such as stem cell transplants. 

    IBD

    Irritable bowel disease.

    IV

    Intravenous medication.

M

    Makaton

    A language programme using signs and symbols to help people to communicate. It is designed to support spoken language and the signs and symbols are used with speech in spoken word order.

    MDT

    Multi-disciplinary team.

    Mindfulness

    A practice of being aware of body, mind and feelings in the present moment. Can be used to help improve wellbeing

    MRI

    Magnetic resonance imaging uses a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency pulses and a computer to produce detailed pictures of organs, soft tissues, and bone.

N

    Neutropenia

    Neutropenia happens when low levels of a type of white blood cell, called a neutrophil are present. The main role of white blood cells is to fight infections caused by viruses or bacteria.

    Neutropenic

    Low white blood cells, possibly due to chemotherapy.

O

    OCD

    Obsessive compulsive disorder.

P

    PDA

    Pathological demand avoidance. A form of autism where anxiety levels are raised by demands.

    PECS

    Picture exchange communication system. A system of augmented communication using picture exchange as a form of social communication.

    PICC

    Peripherally inserted central catheter. A thin plastic tube which is inserted into a vein in the arm above the elbow. It is threaded through this vein towards the right side of the heart. The PICC is held in place with two small stitches in the skin. A PICC provides easy and reliable access to the bloodstream for administering long term medication such as chemotherapy.

R

S

    Sensory profile

    A standardised tool used to evaluate sensory processing patterns at home, school and in the community

    SSRI

    Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A widely used anti-depressant medication often used in combination with cognitive behaviour therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders. 

    Stem cell transplant

    A treatment for some types of cancer.

    Steroids

    Can be used as part of the treatment plan for a range of conditions including cystic fibrosis and cancer.

    Stoma

    Stoma surgery results in a small opening on the surface of the abdomen being surgically created to divert the flow of faeces and/or urine.

    SEND

    Special educational needs and disability.

    SENCO

    Special educational needs coordinator.

V

    VOCA

    Voice output communication aidThey come in many shapes and sizes, with different synthesised voices, and may have the ability to record speech.

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